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      + Research

Please see below to view our extensive list of references & research used in the development of the domains on the My Lifestyle iQ App. For more information, please contact us.


Bradburn, N. M. (1969). The structure of psychological well-being. Chicago:Aldine.

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Joshanloo, M., Wissing, M. P., Khumalo, I. P., & Lamers, S. M. A. (2013). Measurement invariance of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) across three cultural groups. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(7), 755-759.

Keyes, C. L. M. (1998). Social well–being. Social Psychology Quarterly, 61, 121–140.

Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). The mental health continuum:  From languishing to flourishing in life. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 43, 207-222.  

Keyes, C. L. M. (2005a). Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 539–548.

Keyes, Corey L. M. (2005b). The subjective well-being of America’s youth: Toward a  comprehensive assessment. Adolescent and Family Health, 4, 3−11.

Keyes, C. L. M. (2006). Mental health in adolescence: Is America’s youth flourishing? American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76, 395–402.

Keyes, C. L. M. (2007). Promoting and protecting mental health as flourishing: A complementary strategy for improving national mental health. American Psychologist, 62, 95−108.

Keyes, C. L. M., Wissing, M., Potgieter, J. P., Temane, M., Kruger, A., & van Rooy, S. (2008). Evaluation of the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF) in Setswana speaking South Africans. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 15, 181–192.

Keyes, C. L. M. (2009). The nature and importance of mental health in youth. In R. Gilman, M. Furlong, & E. S. Heubner (Eds.), Promoting Wellness in Children and Youth: A Handbook of Positive Psychology in the Schools (pp.9- 23). New York: Routledge.

Keyes, Corey L. M.  (2009).  The Black-White Paradox in Health: Flourishing in the Face of  Inequality. Journal of Personality, 77, 1677-1706.

Keyes, Corey L. M. and Julia Annas.  (2009).  Feeling Good and Functioning Well: Distinctive Concepts in Ancient Philosophy and Contemporary Science.  Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 197-201.

Danielson, M. L., Bitsko, R. H., Ghandour, R. M., Holbrook, J. R., Kogan, M. D., & Blumberg, S. J. (2018). Prevalence of Parent-Reported ADHD Diagnosis and Associated Treatment Among U.S. Children and Adolescents, 2016. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 47(2), 199-212. doi:10.1080/15374416.2017.1417860

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Depth: Definition of Depth by Oxford Dictionary on also meaning of Depth. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Ghandour, R. M., Sherman, L. J., Vladutiu, C. J., Ali, M. M., Lynch, S. E., Bitsko, R. H., & Blumberg, S. J. (2019). Prevalence and Treatment of Depression, Anxiety, and Conduct Problems in US Children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 206. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.09.021

Ioannidis, J. P. (2008).

Keyes, Corey L. M. (2009; reprint of journal article chosen as new entry in history of psychology book). “The Mental Health Continuum” From Languishing to Flourishing in Life.” Pp. 601-617 in “Foundations of Psychological Thought: A History of Psychology.” Edited by Barbara F. Gentile and Benjamin O. Miller. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

Keyes, C. L. M., Dhingra, S. S., & Simoes, E. J. (2010). Change in level of positive mental health as a predictor of future risk of mental illness. American Journal of Public Health, 100, 2366-2371.

Keyes, C. L. M., Eisenberg, D., Perry, G. S., Dube, S. R., Kroenke, K., & Dhingra, S. S. (2012). The relationship of level of positive mental health with current mental disorders in predicting suicidal behavior and academic impairment in college students. Journal of American College Health, 60(2), 126-133.

Keyes, C. L. M., & Simoes, E. J. (2012.). To flourish or not: Positive mental health and all cause mortality. American Journal of American Public Health, 102(11), 2164–2172

Lamers, S.M.A., Westerhof, G.J., Bohlmeijer, E.T., ten Klooster, P.M., & Keyes, C.L.M. (2010). Evaluating the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 99-110.

Lamers, S. M., Glas, C. A., Westerhof, G. J., & Bohlmeijer, E. T. (2012). Longitudinal Evaluation of the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 28(4), 290-296.

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Robitschek, C., & Keyes, C. L. M. (2009). The structure of Keyes’ model of mental health and the role of personal growth initiative as a parsimonious predictor. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56, 321−329.

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Exercise and the Stress System George Mastorakos1 , Maria Pavlatou1 , Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis2 , George P. Chrousos3 1 Endocrine Unit, Second Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aretaieion Hospital, 2 Endocrine Section, First Department of Medicine, Laiko Hospital, 3 First Department of Pediatrics, Agia Sophia Children’s Hospital, Athens University Medical School, Athens, 115 27, Greece  

Perou R, Bitsko RH, Blumberg SJ, Pastor P, Ghandour RM, Gfroerer JC, Hedden SL, Crosby AE, Visser SN, Schieve LA, Parks SE, Hall JE, Brody D, Simile CM, Thompson WW, Baio J, Avenevoli S, Kogan MD, Huang LN. Mental health surveillance among children – the United States, 2005—2011. MMWR 2013;62(Suppl; May 16, 2013):1-35.

The anti-inflammatory effect of exercise Anne Marie W. Petersen, and Bente Klarlund Pedersen 01 APR 2005

Inflammatory markers and exercise: differences related to exercise type.

King DECarek PMainous AG 3rdPearson WS

Author information

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31 Mar 2003, 35(4):575-581
DOI: 10.1249/ PMID: 12673139 


Aerobic Exercise Training and Inducible Inflammation: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial in Healthy, Young Adults.

Sloan RPShapiro PAMcKinley PSBartels MShimbo DLauriola VKarmally WPavlicova MChoi CJChoo THScodes JMFlood PTracey KJ J Am Heart Assoc, 7(17):e010201, 31 Aug 2018


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Ala-Houhala M. 25-HydroxyVitamin D levels during breast-feeding

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Smits, Kirsten PJ, Stefan Listl, and Milica Jevdjevic. "Vegetarian diet and its possible influence on dental health: A systematic literature review." Community dentistry and oral epidemiology 48.1 (2020): 7-13.


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Reducing Portion Size Reduces Food Intake and Plate Waste Marjorie R. Freedman Carolina BrochadoFirst published: 06 September 2012


June 25, 2007 Portion Control Plate for Weight Loss in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus A Controlled Clinical Trial

Sue D. Pedersen, MD, FRCPCJian Kang, MScGregory A. Kline, MD, FRCPC

Author Affiliations Article Information

Arch Intern Med. 2007;167(12):1277-1283. doi:10.1001/archinte.167.12.1277


Trends in Food Science & Technology

Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2009, Pages 376-387   Nutraceuticals and functional foods: Whole versus processed foods

Author links open overlay panelFereidoonShahidi  Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada A1B 3X9

Kinmonth AL, Angus RM, Jenkins PA, et al

Whole foods and increased dietary fibre improve blood glucose control in diabetic children.

Archives of Disease in Childhood 1982;57:187-194.


Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Volume 111, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 1730-1734 Eating Frequency Is Higher in Weight Loss Maintainers and Normal-Weight Individuals than in Overweight Individuals Author links open overlay panelJessica L.BachmanPhD, RDSuzannePhelanPhDRena R.WingPhDHollie A.RaynorPhD, RD

Diabetes definition and stats


Definition of Met Syn:


Insulin Resistance is the cause of met syn:


4 Lifestyle behaviors improve insulin resistance:


1: calorie restriction


Intermittent Fasting


2: Increased physical activity


3. Increased Healthy Fats


4. Lifestyle coaching

Slide 7:


Long term change:


Hormones are messengers:


Progression from pre to type 2

Lifestyle changes improve insulin resistance (Higher Intensity):


Reduce Progression or Pre to type 2:


Lipid Management: From Basics to Clinic

Following the government guidelines, (see screen shot graph from CM Summit):

Original document:


Eating 3 vs. 5 meals a day:


Blood sugar levels higher with 5 meals:


Less frequent eating has also been shown to improve satiety and reduce hunger compared to more frequent meals

Insulin resistance with normal blood sugar levels:


Self Monitoring for Physical Activity:

Full Study

Daily Weigh ins:


Self Monitoring steps:



40-45% of our actions are habits:


meal planning saves time and money

False Hunger (find better source)

International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 31 May 1992, 16(6):397-415
PMID: 1322866   


International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 30 Nov 2002, 26 Suppl 4:S25-8
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0802215 PMID: 12457296  



Increased frequency of intentional weight loss associated with reduced mortality: a prospective cohort analysis.

Willis EAHuang WYSaint-Maurice PFLeitzmann MFSalerno EAMatthews CEBerndt SI

BMC Med, 18(1):248, 16 Sep 2020


Managing Obesity in Primary Care: Breaking Down the Barriers.

Forgione NDeed GKilov GRigas G

Adv Ther, 35(2):191-198, 17 Jan 2018


A Mobile Phone-Based Health Coaching Intervention for Weight Loss and Blood Pressure Reduction in a National Payer Population: A Retrospective Study.

Mao AYChen CMagana CCaballero Barajas KOlayiwola JN

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth, 5(6):


e80, 07 Jun 2017


Improving Prognosis in Type 1 Diabetes. Proceedings from an Official Satellite Symposium of the 16th International Diabetes Federation Congress. Helsinki, Finland, 19-20 July 1997.

Diabetes Care, 22 Suppl 2:B1-126, 28 Feb 1999


Food Addiction in Humans 

Marcia Levin Pelchat

The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 139, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 620–622,



Corwin RL, Grigson PS. Symposium overview. Food addiction: fact or fiction? J Nutr. 2009;139:617–9. 


 Delahanty LM, Meigs JB, Hayden D, Williamson DA, Nathan DM. Psychological and behavioral correlates of baseline BMI in the diabetes prevention program (DPP). Diabetes Care. 2002;25:1992–8.


Pelchat ML, Johnson A, Chan R, Valdez J, Ragland JD. Images of desire: food craving activation during fMRI. Neuroimage. 2004;23:1486–93. 


  Carskadon, M.A., & Dement, W.C. (2011). Monitoring and staging human sleep. In M.H. Kryger, T. Roth, & W.C. Dement (Eds.), Principles and practice of sleep medicine, 5th edition, (pp 16-26). St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders


 Carskadon, M.A., & Dement, W.C. (2011). Monitoring and staging human sleep. In M.H. Kryger, T. Roth, & W.C. Dement (Eds.), Principles and practice of sleep medicine, 5th edition, (pp 16-26). St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders


Metabolic consequences of sleep and sleep loss

Author links open overlay panelEveVan CauteraKarineSpiegelbEsraTasaliaRachelLeproulta

a. Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

b. INSERM/UCBL — U628, Physiologie intégrée du système d'éveil, Département de Médecine Expérimentale, Faculté de Médecine, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 69373 Lyon Cedex 08, France

Sleep duration and mortality in the elderly: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

da Silva AAde Mello RGSchaan CWFuchs FDRedline SFuchs SC

BMJ Open, 6(2):e008119, 16 Feb 2016

Sleep, Sleep Deprivation and Depression A Hypothesis Derived from a Model of Sleep Regulation A.A. Borbely and A. Mrz-Justice Institute of Pharmacology, University of Zurich, Zürich, Switze~land Psychiatric University Clinic, Basel, Switzerland  

Sleep Medicine Reviews

Volume 12, Issue 3, June 2008, Pages 211-228

Sleep and rheumatologic disorders

Author links open overlay panelVivien C.AbadaPriscilla S.A.SarinasbChristianGuilleminaultc

a. Clinical Monitoring Sleep Disorders Center, Camino Medical Group, Palo Alto Medical Foundation, USA

b. Division of Pulmonary Critical Care, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA

c. Sleep Medicine Program, Stanford University School of Medicine, USA



Ageing Research Reviews

Volume 39, October 2017, Pages 46-58

Impact of intermittent fasting on health and disease processes

Author links open overlay panelMark P.MattsonabValter D.LongocMichelleHarvied

a. Laboratory of Neurosciences, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, MD 21224, United States

b. Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States

c. Longevity Institute, Davis School of Gerontology and Department of Biological Sciences, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, United States

d. Genesis Breast Cancer Prevention Centre, University Hospital South Manchester, Wythenshaw, M23 9LT Manchester, United Kingdom


Effects of Intermittent Fasting on Health, Aging, and Disease

March 5, 2020 N Engl J Med 2020; 382:978, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMx200002 


Intermittent Fasting and Human Metabolic Health

Ruth E. Patterson, PhD

Gail A. Laughlin, PhD

Andrea Z. LaCroix, PhD


Dorothy D. Sears, PhD

Catherine R. Marinac

Linda C. Gallo, PhD

Show all authors

Published:April 06, 2015DOI:


Intermittent Fasting: The Choice for a Healthier Lifestyle

Cureus. 2018 Jul; 10(7): e2947.

Published online 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.7759/cureus.2947

PMCID: PMC6128599

PMID: 30202677


Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake

Author links open overlay panelNicole M.AvenaPedroRadaBartley G.Hoebel

Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA

Received 14 September 2006, Revised 19 April 2007, Accepted 28 April 2007, Available online 18 May 2007.

Need a better source (see article):


Hunger hormones:

Satiety factor:


Low fiber in processed foods….


Low carb and hunger:

Fiber satisfies


Insulin Index:


Sugar Addiction Cycle:


Intermittent fasting superior


Alternate Day Eating:


Sleep improves healing:


Sleep helps energy levels:


Sleep and fatigue:


Sleep and depression:


Sleep and pain:


Sleep and mental focus:

Brain detoxifies while sleeping:


Sleep on hormone balance:

Sleep and hunger:


Metabolic burden of sleep loss….list of references The Lancet:


High intensity workouts: just as good, might be better:


High intensity better than lower for visceral fat:


HIIT better for overall fitness, body comp, insulin sensitivity:


HIE better:



Breaking up workouts:


Shorter intense walks better for type 2:


Short workouts better:


High intensity:

Do something every day, but not a workout: 4 times max….plus stress relief:

Being sedentary trumps exercise:


After burn:


SEE intensity training links above


Insulin resistance, see above and:


Intermittent Fasting: The Choice for a Healthier Lifestyle

Cureus. 2018 Jul; 10(7): e2947.

Published online 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.7759/cureus.2947

PMCID: PMC6128599

PMID: 30202677


Evidence for sugar addiction: Behavioral and neurochemical effects of intermittent, excessive sugar intake

Author links open overlay panelNicole M.AvenaPedroRadaBartley G.Hoebel

Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA

Received 14 September 2006, Revised 19 April 2007, Accepted 28 April 2007, Available online 18 May 2007.

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